Discovering Medieval gardens

Text : Marie Josèphe Moncorgé. Translator: Marie-Joëlle Rose

The imaginary garden of Maistre Chiquart:
It is a garden because it counts the plants which were cultivated during the Middle Ages in Europe. It is an imaginary garden because it includes the world known by Europe in the Middle Ages, with the vegetables from the garden and the spices, from faraway places (Africa, Asia).

Before the discovery of America in 1492, by Christopher Columbus, tomatoes, potatoes, pumpkins, beans, corn, peanuts, pimento, cocoa, vanilla, pineapple... turkey, all these products were unknown in Europe, Asia and Africa.

Vegetables of Medieval Europe

More about: Medieval vegetables.

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During the Roman period, the cook used a large choice of aromatic herbs. The intensive use of spices is one of the features of Medieval gastronomy.

Spices of Medieval Europe

The Medieval cook had a real knowledge of the use of spices, their dosage and their combination, with the thickening of the sauces with bread and with the use of vinegar or verjus for acidulous or sweet and sour flavors.

More about: Medieval spices.

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Découverte du jardin médiéval